It’s no secret that this is the nuclear age, that is the age where nuclear technology will go its greatest to shaping the world. From its use as a weapon during world war 2 to our future hopes of using it as a power source, the atom is changing the way the world works. Using its Stellarator nuclear fusion machine, Germany has taken the first steps in this change with the creation of hydrogen plasma.
With Germany having one of very few nuclear fusion machines, it was only a matter of time before they changed how close we were to sustainable fusion. Nuclear fusion is the same process that powers the sun, potentially creating a clean source of energy, not to mention nearly limitless.
Back in December, the team at the Max Planck Institute in Germany managed to suspend helium plasma, the new step forward was in using the hydrogen atom, something the team has now managed to do using their experimental reactor, the Wendelstein 7-X (W7X) stellarator. The difficulty alone makes this act an accomplishment, but with hydrogen fusion releasing far more energy than helium fusion, we’re yet another step closer to the ultimate goal of a sustainable reaction, but still have a very long way to go.
John Jelonnek is a physicist at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, and also one of the people responsible for installing the technology that heats the reactor. In speaking to the Guardian Jelonnek stated, “We’re not doing this for us but for our children and grandchildren”.
A British company is claiming that the UK could have the world’s first commercial fusion reactor within the next five years. Engineers from Tokamak Energy in Oxfordshire, currently working on the third iteration of its tokamak reactor, believe that it is close to generating temperatures seven times hotter than the sun, causing hydrogen atoms to fuse together, and harnessing the resulting reaction to generate electricity, according to Reuters.
“Here what we’re developing is building these small tokamaks, like ST25, and then we’ve got other devices using key technologies which are high temperature superconductors and spherical tokamak shapes,” Bill Huang, an engineer for Tokamak Energy, said. “So we’ve got a slightly different shape from traditional fusion and this allows us to get a higher plasma pressure for a given magnetic field. It’s a measure of efficiency called beta, and by using this improved efficiency it means that the overall size of our device is actually quite a bit smaller.”
Tokamak’s second reactor, the ST25, was successful at reaching temperatures of 100 million degrees Celsius in short bursts, and hopes to achieve stable, “reactor relevant” conditions with its third reactor, the ST40.
“This (ST25) will allow us to get very high temperatures for a short amount of time but what we’re looking to do is generate these high temperatures which are reactor relevant, so we’ve set ourselves a 100 million degree challenge, and we’re aiming to get 100 million degrees in that (ST40) device,” Huang added.
David Kingham, CEO of Tokamak Energy, thinks that the ST40 could provide power to the National Grid by 2030.
“We want to get within five years to an energy gain, and from there we want to go on in ten years to get to first electricity, a device where we can demonstrate production of electricity from fusion, but it may be 15 years before we get energy to the grid in significant quantities,” said Kingham. “Fusion is one of those technologies which, if it could be harnessed, could be scaled up rapidly to be deployed world-wide by 2050 and could make a very big difference to carbon emissions and therefore to climate change from 2050 onwards.”
Want to win this fantastic gaming PC worth £779? Of course you do! The Fusion Mantis would make a great first PC, or even an upgrade to your current one and all you have to do to enter is follow the simple steps below.
One lucky winner is going to feel like Christmas has come early this year, just check out the specs below and fill out the entry form for your chance to win this spectacular prize!
NZXT Source 340 Mid Tower Case
Intel Core i5 6600K Processor overclocked to up to 4.4GHz
Corsair H55 Liquid Cooler
Gigabyte Z170XP-SLI Motherboard
GeForce GTX 960 2GB Graphics Card
8GB 2133MHZ DDR4 Memory
1000GB Seagate SSHD Hybrid Drive
Corsair CX600 PSU
Onboard High Definition Audio
Windows 10 Home 64bit
“The Mantis adds to our line-up of monster gaming PCs with serious bite. Slick and deadly inside NZXT’s new Source 340 mid tower case in either black or white, the Mantis is armed with Nvidia’s brand new GTX 960 2GB graphics card to deliver stunning gaming performance. An i5 6600K processor overclocked up to a whopping 4.4Ghz, 8GB of DDR4 RAM and a Gigabyte Z170XP-SLI motherboard all combine to ensure the Mantis is always a powerful step ahead of the competition. A Corsair H55 liquid cooler keeps everything running at optimum temperatures and an intelligent Seagate 1TB SSHD hybrid means you’re not going to run out of places to put your steam library any time soon.
This system comes fully installed with Windows 10 Home 64bit as standard, and includes NVIDIA GeForce Experience that optimizes games for your PC, right out of the box, with one-click drivers and settings!” – Chillblast
Chillblast is one of the most prestigious custom-PC builders in the industry and offers peace-of-mind with an unparalleled 5-year warranty. This impeccable customer service and sensible component selection makes each system a worthwhile investment and reassures the less technically-minded customer. In the past, we’ve reviewed a number of intriguing designs including the cube-sized Fusion Nano 960 and value-orientated, Fusion Barbarian. Today, we are looking at the company’s top-tier Skylake system which features the mod-friendly, Cooler Master MasterCase 5 chassis.
The Fusion Master Skylake incorporates an i7 6700K overclocked to 4.6GHz, 16GB Corsair 3000MHz DDR4 RAM, GTX 980 graphics card, 512GB Samsung M.2 PCIe SSD and the highly-rated Cooler Master V750 power supply. Additionally, the CPU’s manual overclock is tamed by a Nepton 240M all-in-one water cooling unit which dissipates in an efficient manner. Chillblast also opted for a 2TB SSHD data storage drive which combines the affordability and some speed benefits from a traditional SSD. I’m also pleased to see the Asus Z170 PRO motherboard which provides exceptional voltage control, and overclocking headroom without costing too much. In total, the Chillblast Fusion Master Skylake is a well-rounded, high-end gaming system and perfect for UHD resolutions.
Name: Chillblast Fusion Master Skylake Gaming PC
Case: Cooler Master MasterCase 5 Gaming Case
Motherboard: Asus Z170 PRO GAMING Motherboard
Processor – Intel Core i7 6700K Overclocked to 4.6GHz
Processor Cooler: Cooler Master Nepton 240M CPU Cooler
System Memory: 16GB Corsair (2×8) 3000MHz DDR4
Main Boot Drive: 512GB Samsung SM951 M.2 PCIe Solid State Drive
Warranty: 5 Years including 2 Years Collect and Return in the UK
Packaging and Accessories
The system is bundled in a humongous outer box containing thick brown paper which surrounds the chassis’ main packaging. This keeps the inner box perfectly in position and prevents the system from moving around during transit. I have to applaud Chillblast for going the extra mile here as they could have just used the case packaging to cut costs. Thankfully, their attentive and professional approach means cosmetic or mechanical damage should be virtually eliminated.
On the side, there are two large stickers indicating the fragile nature of this system and directions for the courier. With such a massive parcel, these small touches help to prevent any major accidents and demonstrate the company’s careful planning.
The MasterCase 5 is supported by two extremely durable polystyrene blocks which feel remarkably strong and quite difficult to tear. Each side is labelled front and rear, which makes it surprisingly easy to reassemble the case in its original packaging. Unfortunately, there was a slight rip to the top cover but this didn’t result in scratches or small mishaps.
Once the case has been removed, the user is greeted with a precautionary message from Chillblast. This is just a simple safety procedure as a foam insert surrounds the main components to stop any cables or fittings becoming misaligned. I’m a huge advocate of using these internal foam supports as they often ensure the system arrives safely. Rather interestingly, the foam piece must have received a small degree of impact, as the taped section had come undone and started to peel away. As a result, this emphasizes how vital it is to use these foam sections when sending out an expensive, and heavy system.
The accessories are included in a plain, cardboard box and divided into sections using polythene bags. There is also a wonderful troubleshooting guide which provides a checklist in-case the system has difficulty booting. Chillblast decided to use close-up colour images to help diagnose any malfunctions and make the user more confident when fixing system problems.
In terms of accessories, there is a UK power cable, driver discs, component manuals, SLI bridge, additional power connectors, cable-ties, and a host whole of other fittings. I’m overjoyed when custom PC companies bundle all the retail accessories together and presume you might need these extras in the future when upgrading the internal components. Thankfully, Chillblast provides everything you need to change the stock setup.
We see all kinds of weird and wonderful products here at eTeknix HQ and while I’m no stranger to mobile devices or even wireless charging devices, this one is marketed with a twist that really caught my attention. The Qi Wireless Charger from Fusion is technically like any other Qi wireless charging system, so if you have a Qi compatible device, you can pop it on the base it provides, charge it and you’re good to go, review done, see you later.
OK, so there’s a lot more to it than that, a few add-ons that offer extra functionality, as well as some swish marketing that make the Fusion suitable for the visually impaired. I don’t know about you, but I’ve had a fair few fights trying to line up either end of a USB cable, I doubt I would fare much better if I had impaired vision; we’ll get to how it helps with this in a moment.
Dynamic Power Limiting (DPL) for USB and Limited Source Operation
Foreign Object Detection (FOD) in WPC mode
Fusion OTR technology
Ultralight weight & slim design only 55*78*6.5 mm
Ti (Texas Instruments) smart dynamic & overcharge detection
The packaging is pretty straight forward, and with that bright pink cover it certainly stands out! You’ll also notice the packaging comes with braille print on the front, as well as a sticker which reads “official sponsor – Taiwan guide dog association.”
In the box, you’ll find a cut-out guide to aid with installation although anyone who’s half adept at sticking something to a flat surface likely won’t need it. There’s a large white sticker with high-vis pink letting and braille on the top, a 3M sticky pad, USB cable, two cable routing fittings with sticky backs and two screws; everything you need to install the system in a wide range of configurations.
The main power delivery unit is slim and nicely designed, so much so that it’ll look nice and tidy on your desktop as a direct “put your phone/tablet on this” style device. However, using the 3M pad you can mount it on the underside of a desk or table surface. Again, taking note that there is a little braille on the edge to show where there Micro-USB port it.
On the underside, there’s a nice flat surface, so it should be nice and easy to mount under a desk or table using that 3M pad. There’s also two screw holes, perfect for those that prefer a more permanent mounting solution.
The previously mentioned Micro-USB port on the end. This is for the main power input, you can connect the included USB cable to a USB plug, computer or any other compatible output.
A nice bonus is the Qi add-on, which can make any device wireless charging compatible. Of course, the grand irony here is that it comes with a cable, which seems silly, but there’s merit to be found here and I’ll get to that in a moment.
On the underside, you’ll find a gel-like surface which is tactile and will stick to glossy surfaces such as the back of a phone, SatNat, tablet, etc.
If the Micro-USB connector isn’t much good to you, a dual connector Apple adaptor is also included!
I don’t know about any of you, but when I was younger Lego was a big part of my childhood and even today I still act like a bit of a kid when it comes to playing around with it, however back then we had to imagine the rest of the world where our models would run. Technology though has come on a long way since those days and a few years ago we saw the introduction of Mindstorms and then a lot more recently PC and console games which took the Lego concept into the next world.
There has however been a large gap between the Lego we build by hand and the games we play on the screen, but this is all about to change as Lego come out with their latest mastermind – Lego Fusion.
In short Fusion is a game that is run on an iOS or Android powered tablet which involves the building of physical Lego that we can touch with our hands to progress through the game.
To merge the real and virtual worlds together, users will have an app installed on their tablet which builds the virtual world and as they progress through the game they have to build buildings and other models on a special VR base plate which the app can read through the camera and after ‘reading’ the model, the building, car, tower or other model is then built by virtual workers, replicating the real model brick for brick (including all those odd colours that we like to include)
Fusion will be coming out initially with four different kits; Town Master, Battle Towers, Create & Race and Resort Builder. The first three kits will be hitting the shelves in a couple of months time for around $35 in the states, with Resort Builder coming a little later in September. A UK launch date is not quite decided as of yet, but I certainly imagine it will be out before Christmas with Lego potentially looking to have Fusion as this years ‘must have’.
Although I personally wouldn’t get this sort of kit – instead preferring to stick to the physical models and the Technics line of projects, I’m certain this will appeal to the younger generation a lot more, where console and mobile gaming is more popular than building models.
When I get a full system in for review, typically I will find an Intel CPU lying at the heart of the system and whilst this is partly due to their high level of popularity,; along with their multitasking abilities – for some the overall cost factor can be a bit of an issue. Naturally this means that there is only one other route to go down and this is with AMD and their line of CPUs. From our own testing of AMD processors we know that they offer a slightly cheaper alternative to some of Intel’s top line chips – such as the i7-4770k, although we do find that in some tasks, they may struggle to keep up the blue teams performance. For gamers though, all-round performance is not the main priority – it’s having a system that can offer up a great level of gaming performance and for an affordable price.
Coming forward to the last few months, AMD recently announced the release of their latest CPU into the Piledriver group of FX chips – namely the FX-9590. Now like all new processor releases, it has come into the market with a mixed response from the enthusiast community, however it looks like it has proved its way and has settled itself down in the market as the new contender to Intel’s Ivy Bridge-E i7-4960X, offering a huge difference in price as we are used to seeing with AMD chips. We know as well that anyone looking for a high-end gaming system but on a tight budget is going to benefit from an AMD chip, although the trade-off is with performance in other workload areas as mentioned above.
Cyberpower PC as we saw at this year’s Consumer Electronics Show are right on the money when it comes down to building both entry-level and high-end systems and one of their latest systems to come to the market through their UK offices is the Ultra Fusion. This pure AMD system is built into the highly popular Cosmos SE chassis from Cooler Master and is set to offer some of the best gaming performance available for anyone who is a through and through fan of AMD – or even just a pure gamer at heart! Laid on to a Gigabyte motherboard and given some HyperX Genesis memory from Kingston, this closed loop water-cooled system certainly looks the part with its spread of blue lit fans, but the real question is, how does it stack up against an Intel / NVIDIA offering?
When I took a look at the Ultima 460i Scimitar from Overclockers UK a few months ago, one comment that I made about the system was its weight. This was partly down to the extensive list of water-cooling components that had been installed into the Cosmos II, but it also had a lot to do with the weight and bulk of the super tower chassis itself. Thankfully this little brother to the Cosmos II, is far more compact and therefore easier to handle and even with a full system built-in, it’s far lighter to move around.
Like most other systems that we’ve seen shipped out, alongside the system itself, we get the motherboard box included as well and inside this is all the manuals, warranty cards and accessories that comes with each of the components, just in case they are needed or if you wish to upgrade anything at a later date.
A fusion reaction is caused by taking Deuterium, an isotope of hydrogen, with 1 proton and 1 neutron, a Proton, which is a normal hydrogen nucleus, Helium-3 which is an isotope of helium with 2 protons and 1 neutron, and normal helium which is 2 protons and 2 neutrons. Then you smash them all together with a powerful laser. To free up any confusion about Nuclear Fusion check out this chart provided by Diffen.com
Why are we telling you this? Electricity is key to survival in any urban area, we use electricity for everything, from lights, to cooking, to powering our computers. Some people even use electricity to power their vehicles. With high demands for power to be produced researchers are always trying to up their game. We need to find a reliable source of energy that is easy to create, maintain, and distribute.
The BBC recently reported on a crucial milestone for a US laboratory and their ultimate goal for world domination of achieving self-sustaining nuclear fusion. The National Ignition Facility also known as NIF, in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory who have been working to harness nuclear fusion and for the first time their experiment produced a fusion reaction! Bringing them one step closer to their goal of producing a proper fusion reactor.
The process includes firing their 192-beam laser at a small hydrogen fuel pellet, which causes the pellet to compress as well as heating the pellet. This leads to more energy being released than what is absorbed by the pellet and that obviously has huge potential benefits, plus creating a small star here on earth sounds pretty freaking awesome!
Though all of the kinks have not been worked out just yet, the goal is to create a state of ignition where the fusion reaction generates as much or more energy than is produced by the laser. Soon we may be able to provide energy by creating a small star here on earth.
Thank you BBC for providing us with this information.
AMD (Advanced Micro Devices) has set in motion the next phase of their next-gen system development, which now sees their latest Fusion APU (Accelerated Processing Units) being shipped out to software developers. This is highly tipped to have been a move to familiarise parties such as next-gen games developers to familiarise them selves with the hardware and its also hardware that bares some resemblance, in terms of features, to next-gen consoles.
EA’s Johan Andersson was recently discussing a prototype PC board which features just a CPU and cooler, no memory and no storage, stating that the board was one of the next generation AMD APU development systems.
The question on our mind however is what chips have they shipped out, given that its quite late in the development cycle for Trinity chips, could they be shipping out either the Kaveri or Kabini hardware?
Kaveri is set to feature up to x4 Streamroller X86 core, HD7xxx / GCN (Graphics Core Next) while Kabini would feature x4 low-power Jaguar x86 cores and similar graphics hardware to Kaveri.
Since it is pretty late to send development samples of code-named Trinity or Trinity 2.0 (Richland) accelerated processing units, the board probably features either code-named Kaveri (up to four high-performance Steamroller x86 cores, AMD Radeon HD 7000/GCN graphics core) or code-named Kabini (up to four low-power Jaguar x86 cores, AMD Radeon HD 7000/GCN graphics core) chips. Eitherway they’re booth shaping up to be interesting solutions and it will be interesting to see how they’re integrated over the coming months.