Do you remember the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) run by CERN? The device that people feared would create a black hole? In a move that’s rarely done, the organisation has now released terabytes of data onto the web for everyone to use.
The large release is explained by Kati Lassila-Perini, a physicist working on the Compact Muon Solenoid detector, who explained the data release simply by saying “Once we’ve exhausted our exploration of the data, we see no reason not to make them available publicly”. That simple, they’ve done what they can with the data and they want to see what others can do, hoping that it can benefit others by “inspiring high school students to the training of the particle physicists of tomorrow”.
While the data is from 2011, that doesn’t stop it being amazing information that normally you could only read in press releases and journals. So who is going to study the universe and particles this weekend?
Experiments conducted by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) over the past three years may have detected a new elementary boson particle that is denser than the famed Higgs boson. CMS and ATLAS physicists working at the LHC at the CERN laboratory in Switzerland, recorded a pair of photons during a collision that expended an energy charge of approximately 750 giga electronvolts (GeV), which points to the existence of a boson particle up to six times as large as the Higgs.
“It is a little intriguing,” ATLAS spokesperson Dave Charlton of the University of Birmingham, UK, said, via Nature.com, “But it can happen by coincidence.”
If the particle is not a “coincidence” and is confirmed to exist, it would be “a total game changer,” according to Gian Francesco Guidice, a CERN theorist not affiliated with ATLAS or CMS. “The Higgs boson pales in comparison, in terms of novelty,” he added.
While this new boson does not fit any theoretical model, nor was it one of the particles the teams at the LHC were looking for, Maxim Perelstein, a theoretical particle physicist at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, asserts, “I would not find it a big surprise if this turns out to be real.”
CERN’s Large Hadron Collider is back online and firing test collision-free proton beams after being offline for the last two years while it was being upgraded. Over the next few months, the LHC will be going through tests and will get back to smashing protons.
The upgrade has given the LHC almost twice as much power as it initially had and it will be smashing protons at up to 13 TeV (teraelectronvolts). The LHC will be online only for three years before it will be shut down again. The hope is that the higher power output should help its researchers to do their testing a bit better. In case you forgot the LHC likely discovered the Higgs boson on the initial run before it was shut down for upgrades.
The Large Hadron Collider, also known as the ‘atom smasher’, at the CERN centre in Switzerland will be fired up to its highest energy levels ever in a bid to detect, or even create, miniature black holes. If the scientists are successful in their experiments then a completely new universe will be revealed and rewrite the physics books as we know them.
The whole thing sounds very sci-fi, but the theories are solid from the things we know. So what could go wrong? There are those who warn against the dangers like they did before the Higgs Boson particle was found and their concerns might be more justified this time. The LHC has searched for mini black holes at energy levels below 5.3 TeV up until now, but the latest studies show that it needs levels of at least 9.5 TeV in six dimensions and 11.9 TeV in 10 dimensions. TeV stands for Tera electron Volts and one TeV is one trillion electron Volts.
“Just as many parallel sheets of paper, which are two-dimensional objects [breadth and length] can exist in a third dimension [height], parallel universes can also exist in higher dimensions. We predict that gravity can leak into extra dimensions, and if it does, then miniature black holes can be produced at the LHC,” said Mir Faizal, one of the physicists behind the experiment.
“Normally, when people think of the multiverse, they think of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, where every possibility is actualised. This cannot be tested and so it is a philosophy and not science. This is not what we mean by parallel universes. What we mean is real universes in extra dimensions.”
Thanks to Express UK for providing us with this information
The European Organization for Nuclear Reasearch, CERN, produces a massive amount of data to be analyzed, but also stored, a thing that’s becoming an increasing problem with the 2-3 petabytes of information it produces on a monthly basis. The Large Hadron Collider has generated over 100 petabytes of data to date, and all of it has to be kept safe and secure.
Seagate and CERN Openlab have now entered a 3-year partnership on the development of Seagate’s Kinetic Open Storage platform. The new platform restructures the traditional storage server architectures from the bottom up by connecting object-oriented applications directly to the storage device. This cuts out the many layers of hardware and software traditionally used and is something that is said to not only improve performance but also cut costs by 15-40%. It’s kind of a System in a Disk, to say it in the simplest of words.
“This is a thrilling opportunity for Seagate to collaborate with CERN to more efficiently operate one of the most extreme and demanding storage environments in the world,” said Scott Horn, vice president of marketing at Seagate. “We believe our partnership will not only deliver extensive benefits to CERN’s large-scale storage system, but also help us further enhance the Seagate Kinetic Open Storage platform by testing it in an unparalleled data creation environment.”
A second and future research project between Seagate and CERN is also planned where they will look at CERN’s EOS storage system to determine whether there are opportunities to enhance and improve the system.
Thanks to Seagate for providing us with this information
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN is the world’s biggest and most powerful particle accelerator, and in just a few months time it’s going to be more powerful than ever before. Having discovered the Higgs particle in 2012, the subatomic particle which helps explain why things in our universe have mass. Now the multitude of scientists working on the project from around the world will be firing up the newly upgraded LHC for its encore performance.
“There’s a huge amount of physics to be done,” said Heuer, speaking Monday at a press briefing at the Euroscience Open Forum in Copenhagen.
LCH has been offline for a couple of years now for maintenance and upgrades which will allow it to run at double the power of previous tests, which will be the highest energy level ever reached by a particle accelerator. Finding the Higgs was only the start and now the teams look set to push the limits to see what else is lurking in the world of subatomic particles.
“If we increase our [energetic] reach, we may see the brothers of the Higgs,” said Samira Hassani, a particle physicist at France’s Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique (CEA)
The week 1/8th of the collider was cooled to its super cool operating temperature of -271.3 degrees Celsius, which is a temperature colded than that space, and some of the collider beams were also started up for the first time in two years as they prepare the 7 mile long collider for new experiments that will begin in January.
Thank you NatGeo for providing us with this information.
One of the greatest scientific experiments to have ever been undertaken has captured the imagination of millions around the world over the last few decades, the search for the Higgs Boson (often wrongly referred to as the God Particle). This ranged from people who wanted a deeper understanding of how our universe was created and works, to the loons that thought the CERN partial accelerator was going to blow a hole in space time. Yet one thing is for certain, understand the science or not, I bet you’ve heard of CERN, the epic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) or at least Peter Higgs.
The Large Hadron Collider is one of the greatest technical achievements in human history, it was and still is the largest scientific experiment in the world, it takes hundreds of scientists to operate, thousands more to understand via global cooperation and team work and its creation spawn many new technologies that will be used around the world. CERN, the centre where the LHC is located was practically the birth place of the internet you know!
For all their work, two scientists have won the Nobel prize in physics for their work on the theory of the Higgs boson. Peter Higgs from the UK and Francois Englert from Belgium will share the prize.
The Higgs boson was the elusive particle that the physicists proposed would explain why all things in the universe have mass.
Thank you BBC for providing us with this information.
CERN has been at the forefront of technology an innovation for decades and it was 20 years ago this week that they laid the foundations for the world wide web as we know it. CERN had a major part in devising the fundamental principles and rules the govern how the internet works and they even had the first ever website, but it was sadly lost and forgotten over time as technology moved forward.
As their way of celebrating the birth of the internet and of course the advancements that have been made that have turned the internet into one of the most important tools of the modern age, CERN has reinstated the worlds first ever website.
Originally launched back in 1991, the website played host to a very simple page that hosted just a few bits of text which explained the basics of the World Wide Web, by today’s standards there isn’t much to look at, but for those passionate about how the internet works, this an amazing way to track back how far the internet has developed in the past twenty years.
CERN has managed to recover a copy of the site from 1992, although they are endeavoring to find an even earlier copy, even better still they have managed to restore the original web address, so its literally back as is was all those years ago.
Now you might be thinking,” hey Peter! 1991 and 1992 were more than 20 years ago!” and you’re right, the internet is older than 20 years, but it was 20 years ago that CERN did the most important thing in the history of the internet, they unleashed the technology behind the WWW, royalty free and from that, the web we know today was born.